What is an Executive Order?

what is an executive order?

A presidential executive order (EO) is a directive issued to federal agencies, department heads, or other federal employees by the President of the United States under his statutory or constitutional powers.

In many ways, presidential executive orders are similar to written orders, or instructions issued by the president of a corporation to its department heads or directors.

Executive orders can not reverse laws passed by Congress. Limited in scope their sweep is not as broad as legislation. President Trump can overturn any of President Obama’s executive orders as Trumps successor can overturn anything he signs while in office. An Executive order continues to be in effect until subsequent presidential action.

As of May 8, 2017 The President has signed 34 executive orders Ranging from health care, to immigration, the environment, business, infrastructure, lobbying, and government organization.



The most recent #34 Combines church and state. 

Executive orders falls under the broader umbrella of “executive actions,” which derive their power from Article II of the Constitution, and it is the most formal executive action. Executive actions also include presidential memorandums (which are a step below executive orders and basically outline the administration's position on a policy issue), proclamations and directives.

An executive order is not the president creating new law or appropriating new money from the U.S. Treasury — both things that are the domain of Congress; it is the president instructing the government how it is to work within the parameters that are already set by Congress and the Constitution.


How can a president do this?

In a word: carefully. Executive orders have often been the subject of controversy, with the opposition party accusing the president of overstepping his authority and acting like a dictator. Basically, they're arguing that he's changing the law rather than working within it.


What is the history of executive orders?

They have been around for as long as we've had presidents, in fact — all the way back to George Washington.


Political advantages 

Executive actions are sometimes derogatorily referred to as “legislating by executive order” — basically, what a president does when Congress won't comply with his wishes.


The political downside to executive orders, then, basically boils down to two things: 1) Getting struck down by the courts, and 2) Looking like you can't pass your agenda through Congress and are acting as an all-powerful executive — in a system designed to limit absolute power.

The upside is, of course, that you can try to do this all by yourself, with just the stroke of a pen. (And then hope for the best.)[1]


Trump’s Executive orders

The first order that was signed was to repeal the affordable care act.

For a list and full verbiage of all the executive actions as signed by the President  White House.gov or the Federal Register


To see brief less legal explanations: Click  Brief Explanations

The first executive order President Trump signed.

1/20/17 Executive Order Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal - Seek the prompt repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable care Act Public Law 111-148. Since this was a law it has to be changed through Congress. Full text


References

​1   Washington Post 

The Briefing Room Whitehouse.gov

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